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挪威石油行業仍在追加投資

http://www.yk5j.cn  2021年05月28日 16:56  中國石化新聞網

  中國石化新聞網訊據今日油價5月27日報道,挪威統計局周三在其季度調查中表示,與三個月前的預測相比,石油公司預計2021年在挪威近海油氣業務上的支出將增加4.8%,這得益于更多油田的投產。

  今年,包括管道運輸在內的石油和天然氣活動的總投資估計為218億美元(1819億挪威克朗),比上一季度的估計高出4.8%。挪威統計局表示,較高的投資預期主要是由油田開發和投產帶來的。

  自上個季度以來,該行業已向有關部門提交了兩個油氣田的開發計劃,這兩個油氣田沒有包括在此前的預期里。

  對預期投資的向上修正顯示,2021年與2020年相比,將有0.9%的小幅增長。然而,目前對挪威2022年石油和天然氣投資的估計——盡管最新調查的數據高于前一次調查,仍然表明,與今年相比,明年挪威的石油和天然氣投資總體上會下降。最新的2022年投資預測為172億美元(1428億克朗),比2月份的調查預期增長了3.1%。

  去年年底,挪威石油和天然氣協會(Norwegian Oil and Gas Association)表示,與2020年相比,2021年挪威海上油氣投資將下降4.2%,降幅小于該行業在2020年初擔心的水平。該協會上周對國際能源署(IEA)的一份令人震驚的報告發表評論稱,如果世界想在2050年實現凈零排放,就不需要在石油和天然氣領域進行新的投資。

  該機構指出,挪威石油和天然氣公司不認同這樣的假設,即從2050年的前景看,僅歐佩克成員國就應占全球市場石油和天然氣產量的一半以上。該協會在一份聲明中表示,如果需求沒有像國際能源署所設想的那樣迅速下降,而供應方面同時被切斷,全球能源供應可能受到威脅,并導致能源價格變得非常高。該行業機構還指出,停止挪威近海的石油和天然氣勘探將剝奪該國的收入和就業機會,而這些這對支持碳捕獲和封存、氫氣和海底礦產回收等行業來說是有必要的。

  王佳晶摘譯自今日油價

  原文如下:

  Norway's Oil Industry Boosts Investment Despite IEA Report

  Oil firms expect to spend 4.8 percent more on oil and gas operations offshore Norway in 2021 compared to the previous estimate three months ago, thanks to more fields coming on stream, Statistics Norway said in its quarterly survey on Wednesday.

  Total investments in oil and gas activity, including pipeline transportation, are now estimated at US$21.8 billion (181.9 billion Norwegian crowns) for this year, which is 4.8 percent higher than estimated in the previous quarter. The higher investment forecast is mainly driven by field development and fields coming on stream, Statistics Norway said.

  Since the last quarter, the industry has filed with authorities development plans for two oil and gas fields, which were not included in the previous estimate.

  The upward revision of expected investments now point to slight growth of 0.9 percent in 2021 compared to 2020.

  Yet, current estimates for investments in oil and gas in Norway in 2022—albeit higher in the latest survey than in the previous one–still point to an overall drop next year compared to this year. The latest investment forecast for 2022 is US$17.2 billion (142.8 billion crowns), up by 3.1 percent compared to the estimate in the previous survey in February.

  At the end of last year, the Norwegian Oil and Gas Association said that investments in oil and gas offshore Norway were set to decline by 4.2 percent in 2021 compared to 2020, a smaller drop than what the industry feared in early 2020.

  The association, the main industry body and employer’s organization for the sector, commented last week on the bombshell report of the International Energy Association (IEA) that suggests no new investments in oil and gas are needed if the world wants to reach net-zero emissions in 2050.

  “Norwegian Oil and Gas does not share the assumption that Opec members alone should account for more than half of oil and gas production for the world market in a 2050 perspective. If demand does not decline as rapidly as the IEA assumes in its scenario, and the supply side is simultaneously choked off, global energy provision could be threatened and lead to very high energy prices,”the association said in a statement. The industry body also noted that halting oil and gas exploration offshore Norway would deprive the country of revenues and jobs necessary for supporting industries such as carbon capture and storage, hydrogen, and recovering seabed minerals.

  (文章來源:中國石化新聞網)

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